Welcome to the Google Home Developer Center, the new destination for learning how to develop smart home actions. Note: You'll continue building actions in the Actions console.

Query and execute

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When users interact with Assistant to query the current state of a device, your fulfillment receives an action.devices.QUERY intent containing a list of device IDs (as provided by your SYNC response). Your fulfillment receives an action.devices.EXECUTE intent when users send commands to Assistant to control your device.

Handle QUERY intents

Your QUERY response includes a full set of states for each of the traits supported by the requested devices.

Request
{
    "requestId": "ff36a3cc-ec34-11e6-b1a0-64510650abcf",
    "inputs": [{
      "intent": "action.devices.QUERY",
      "payload": {
        "devices": [{
          "id": "123",
          "customData": {
            "fooValue": 74,
            "barValue": true,
            "bazValue": "foo"
          }
        }, {
          "id": "456",
          "customData": {
            "fooValue": 12,
            "barValue": false,
            "bazValue": "bar"
          }
        }]
      }
    }]
}
JSON
{
  "requestId": "ff36a3cc-ec34-11e6-b1a0-64510650abcf",
  "payload": {
    "devices": {
      "123": {
        "on": true,
        "online": true
      },
      "456": {
        "on": true,
        "online": true,
        "brightness": 80,
        "color": {
          "name": "cerulean",
          "spectrumRGB": 31655
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
Node.js
const {smarthome} = require('actions-on-google');
const app = smarthome();
// ...
app.onQuery((body, headers) => {
  // TODO Get device state
  return {
    requestId: body.requestId,
    payload: {
      devices: {
        123: {
          on: true,
          online: true
        },
        456: {
          on: true,
          online: true,
          brightness: 80,
          color: {
            name: "cerulean",
            spectrumRGB: 31655
          }
        }
      }
    }
  };
});
Java
@NotNull
@Override
public QueryResponse onQuery(@NotNull QueryRequest queryRequest, @Nullable Map<?, ?> map) {
  QueryResponse.Payload payload = new QueryResponse.Payload();
  payload.setDevices(
      new HashMap<String, Map<String, Object>>() {
        {
          put(
              "123",
              new HashMap<String, Object>() {
                {
                  put("on", true);
                  put("online", true);
                }
              });
          put(
              "456",
              new HashMap<String, Object>() {
                {
                  put("on", true);
                  put("online", true);
                  put("brightness", 80);
                  put(
                      "color",
                      new HashMap<String, Object>() {
                        {
                          put("name", "cerulean");
                          put("spectrumRGB", 31655);
                        }
                      });
                }
              });
        }
      });

  return new QueryResponse(queryRequest.getRequestId(), payload);
}

For more information, see the QUERY intent reference documentation.

Handle EXECUTE intents

Similar to QUERY, a single intent can target multiple device IDs. A single EXECUTE intent may also contain multiple distinct commands given to a group of devices. For example, a triggered intent may set both brightness and color on a group of lights, or set multiple lights each to a different color. Your EXECUTE response should return the new state of the device after the execution.

Use Report State when the state of the users' device changes. For example, due to an EXECUTE intent or a local state change (such as manually flipping a light switch). This keeps Home Graph synchronized with your cloud service.

Request
{
    "requestId": "ff36a3cc-ec34-11e6-b1a0-64510650abcf",
    "inputs": [{
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [{
          "devices": [{
            "id": "123",
            "customData": {
              "fooValue": 74,
              "barValue": true,
              "bazValue": "sheepdip"
            }
          }, {
            "id": "456",
            "customData": {
              "fooValue": 36,
              "barValue": false,
              "bazValue": "moarsheep"
            }
          }],
          "execution": [{
            "command": "action.devices.commands.OnOff",
            "params": {
              "on": true
            }
          }]
        }]
      }
    }]
}
JSON
{
  "requestId": "ff36a3cc-ec34-11e6-b1a0-64510650abcf",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "on": true,
          "online": true
        }
      },
      {
        "ids": [
          "456"
        ],
        "status": "ERROR",
        "errorCode": "deviceTurnedOff"
      }
    ]
  }
}
Node.js
const {smarthome} = require('actions-on-google');
const app = smarthome();
// ...
app.onExecute((body, headers) => {
  // TODO Send command to device
  return {
    requestId: body.requestId,
    payload: {
      commands: [{
        ids: ["123"],
        status: "SUCCESS",
        states: {
          on: true,
          online: true
        }
      }, {
        ids: ["456"],
        status: "ERROR",
        errorCode: "deviceTurnedOff"
      }]
    }
  };
});
Java
@NotNull
@Override
public ExecuteResponse onExecute(
    @NotNull ExecuteRequest executeRequest, @Nullable Map<?, ?> map) {
  ExecuteResponse.Payload payload = new ExecuteResponse.Payload();

  payload.setCommands(
      new Commands[] {
        new Commands(
            new String[] {"123"},
            "SUCCESS",
            new HashMap<String, Object>() {
              {
                put("on", true);
                put("online", true);
              }
            },
            null,
            null),
        new Commands(new String[] {"456"}, "ERROR", null, "deviceTurnedOff", null)
      });
  return new ExecuteResponse(executeRequest.getRequestId(), payload);
}

For more information, see the EXECUTE intent reference documentation.

Status responses

Your QUERY and EXECUTE responses include a status field to report the result of the request. Each status response can provide one of the following values:

  • SUCCESS: The request succeeded.
  • OFFLINE: Target device is offline or otherwise unreachable.
  • EXCEPTIONS: There is an issue or alert associated with the request.
  • ERROR: The request failed with the corresponding errorCode.

For ERROR and EXCEPTIONS, see Handle errors and exceptions and Errors and exceptions for more details.