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透過集合功能整理內容 你可以依據偏好儲存及分類內容。

智慧型家用機上盒指南

action.devices.types.SETTOP - 與多頻道視訊節目發行商 (MVPD) 和機上盒裝置的互動可能包括控制媒體播放。

這種類型表示裝置會取得機上盒圖示以及部分相關的同義詞與別名。

裝置功能

請參閱對應的特性說明文件,瞭解服務應支援的屬性和狀態,以及如何建構 EXECUTE 和 QUERY 回應。

必修特色

這些特性和指令 (如果適用於您的裝置)。

特性 指令
action.devices.traits.AppSelector
  • action.devices.commands.appSelect
action.devices.traits.InputSelector
  • action.devices.commands.setInput
action.devices.traits.MediaState
action.devices.traits.OnOff
  • action.devices.commands.OnOff
action.devices.traits.TransportControl
  • action.devices.commands.mediaClosedCaptioningOff
  • action.devices.commands.mediaClosedCaptioningOn
  • action.devices.commands.mediaNext
  • action.devices.commands.mediaPause
  • action.devices.commands.mediaPrevious
  • action.devices.commands.mediaResume
  • action.devices.commands.mediaStop
action.devices.traits.Volume
  • action.devices.commands.mute
  • action.devices.commands.setVolume

視您的裝置而定,我們建議採用這類特性。 不過,您可以自由搭配所有可用特徵,並配合現有的產品功能進行配對。

品質規定

  • 延遲時間:必須小於或等於 3000ms
  • 可靠性:必須大於或等於 97%

裝置範例:簡易機上盒

本節包含代表上述裝置類型和特徵的常見意圖酬載範例,代表常見的「機上盒」。如果您在實作中新增或移除特性,請配合這些異動修改回應。

同步處理回應範例

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654512",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.SYNC"
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654512",
  "payload": {
    "agentUserId": "user123",
    "devices": [
      {
        "id": "123",
        "type": "action.devices.types.SETTOP",
        "traits": [
          "action.devices.traits.OnOff",
          "action.devices.traits.AppSelector",
          "action.devices.traits.MediaState",
          "action.devices.traits.Channel",
          "action.devices.traits.TransportControl"
        ],
        "name": {
          "name": "Simple set-top box"
        },
        "willReportState": true,
        "attributes": {
          "transportControlSupportedCommands": [
            "NEXT",
            "PREVIOUS",
            "PAUSE",
            "STOP",
            "RESUME",
            "CAPTION_CONTROL"
          ],
          "availableApplications": [
            {
              "key": "youtube",
              "names": [
                {
                  "name_synonym": [
                    "Youtube",
                    "Youtube_en"
                  ],
                  "lang": "en"
                }
              ]
            }
          ],
          "availableChannels": [
            {
              "key": "ktvu2",
              "names": [
                "Fox",
                "KTVU"
              ],
              "number": "2"
            },
            {
              "key": "abc1",
              "names": [
                "ABC",
                "ABC East"
              ],
              "number": "702.4-11"
            }
          ],
          "supportActivityState": true,
          "supportPlaybackState": true
        },
        "deviceInfo": {
          "manufacturer": "smart-home-inc",
          "model": "hs1234",
          "hwVersion": "3.2",
          "swVersion": "11.4"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

QUERY 回應範例

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654514",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.QUERY",
      "payload": {
        "devices": [
          {
            "id": "123"
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654514",
  "payload": {
    "devices": {
      "123": {
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "online": true,
        "on": true,
        "currentApplication": "youtube",
        "activityState": "ACTIVE",
        "playbackState": "PAUSED"
      }
    }
  }
}

EXECUTE 指令範例

關閉

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.OnOff 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654528",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.OnOff",
                "params": {
                  "on": true
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654528",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "on": true
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

appInstall

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.AppSelector 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654522",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.appInstall",
                "params": {
                  "newApplication": "youtube"
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654522",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "currentApplication": "youtube"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

appSearch

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.AppSelector 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654524",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.appSearch",
                "params": {
                  "newApplication": "youtube"
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654524",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "currentApplication": "youtube"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

appSelect 應用程式

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.AppSelector 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654526",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.appSelect",
                "params": {
                  "newApplication": "youtube"
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654526",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "currentApplication": "youtube"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

selectChannel

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.Channel 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654516",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.selectChannel",
                "params": {
                  "channelCode": "ktvu2"
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654516",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

相對管道

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.Channel 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654518",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.relativeChannel",
                "params": {
                  "relativeChannelChange": 1
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654518",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

returnChannel

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.Channel 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654520",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.returnChannel"
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654520",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

mediaClosededingOff

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.TransportControl 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654530",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.mediaClosedCaptioningOff"
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654530",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "playbackState": "PLAYING"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

mediaClosededingOn

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.TransportControl 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654532",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.mediaClosedCaptioningOn",
                "params": {
                  "closedCaptioningLanguage": "en"
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654532",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "playbackState": "PLAYING"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

mediaNext

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.TransportControl 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654534",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.mediaNext"
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654534",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "playbackState": "FAST_FORWARDING"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

mediaPause

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.TransportControl 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654536",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.mediaPause"
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654536",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "playbackState": "PAUSED"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

mediaPrevious

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.TransportControl 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654538",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.mediaPrevious"
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654538",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "playbackState": "REWINDING"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

mediaContinue

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.TransportControl 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654540",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.mediaResume"
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654540",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "playbackState": "PLAYING"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

mediaStop

如要進一步瞭解指令參數,請參閱 action.devices.traits.TransportControl 參考資料。

請求
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654542",
  "inputs": [
    {
      "intent": "action.devices.EXECUTE",
      "payload": {
        "commands": [
          {
            "devices": [
              {
                "id": "123"
              }
            ],
            "execution": [
              {
                "command": "action.devices.commands.mediaStop"
              }
            ]
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  ]
}
回應
{
  "requestId": "6894439706274654542",
  "payload": {
    "commands": [
      {
        "ids": [
          "123"
        ],
        "status": "SUCCESS",
        "states": {
          "online": true,
          "playbackState": "STOPPED"
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

裝置錯誤:ERRORS

請參閱錯誤和例外狀況的完整清單。